A technology demonstration aircraft, the British Aerospace EAP, first flew on 6 August 1986; the first prototype of the finalised Eurofighter made its first flight on 27 March 1994. On 25 May 2011 the 100th production aircraft, ZK315, rolled off the production line at Warton. [174], From January 2011 the Qatar Air Force evaluated the Typhoon, alongside the Boeing F/A-18E/F Super Hornet, the McDonnell Douglas F-15E Strike Eagle, the Dassault Rafale, and the Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II, to replace its then inventory of Dassault Mirage 2000-5s. "Euro-fighter goes supersonic on maiden flight: First test flight of EAP aircraft in Lancashire. [31] The procurement totals were as follows: the UK 232, Germany 180, Italy 121, and Spain 87. [22] The Eurofighter bears a strong resemblance to the EAP. [85] Another measure to reduce the likelihood of discovery is the use of passive sensors (PIRATE IRST), which minimises the radiation of treacherous electronic emissions. [211], The 160th, and last, Typhoon (ZK437) was delivered to the RAF on 27 September 2019. In 1984, France reiterated its requirement for a carrier-capable version and demanded a leading role. [54], In 2000, the UK selected the Meteor from MBDA as the long range air-to-air missile armament for its Typhoons with an in-service date (ISD) of December 2011. [48] The Spanish MoD put the cost of their Typhoon project up to December 2010 at €11.718 billion, up from an original €9.255 billion and implying a system cost for their 73 aircraft of €160 million. ", "BAE Systems Unveils Digital Striker II Helmet-Mounted Display System with Superior Tracking, Night Vision Capabilities", "Trials of advanced fighter pilot helmet prove successful", "Farnborough 2016: Colour comes to Striker II HMD—IHS Jane's 360", "BAE to study common weapon launcher for Typhoon", "Eurofighter: new aerodynamics set for 2014 test flight", AEROSPACE June 2014, section "In The Typhoon's path" by Joe Coles, Flight-test of Eurofighter aerodynamic upgrades completed (July 2015), "FARNBOROUGH: Typhoon brews up radar storm", "Finmeccanica Demonstrates Air-to-Ground Mode 5 Reverse-IFF Capability with Italian Typhoons", "ILA: Eurofighter to upgrade Typhoon engine to lift sales", "EuroDASS unveils plan for new Typhoon DASS/EW suite", "Airbus proposes ECR/SEAD Eurofighter, emphasises German requirement | Jane's 360", https://www.dw.com/en/germany-approves-billion-euro-purchase-of-38-eurofighter-jets/a-55513389, "Spain joins France and Germany in race to build Europe's next combat jet", "UK looks to extend Eurofighter Typhoon's fatigue life. This saw the Typhoon name formally adopted, initially for export aircraft only. The UK produced two designs; the P.106[N 1] was a single-engined "lightweight" fighter, superficially resembling the JAS 39 Gripen, the P.110 was a twin-engined fighter. The production aircraft are now operational with the partner nation's air forces. [26] According to these order levels the workshare split should have been 39/24/22/15 UK/Germany/Italy/Spain, however Germany was unwilling to give up such a large amount of work. [135] In March 2005, United States Air Force Chief of Staff General John P. Jumper, then the only person to have flown both the Eurofighter Typhoon and the Raptor, said: The Eurofighter is both agile and sophisticated, but is still difficult to compare to the F/A-22 Raptor. The fly-by-wire system is described as "carefree", and prevents the pilot from exceeding the permitted manoeuvre envelope. [55] The protracted contract negotiations pushed the ISD to August 2012,[55] and it was further put back by Eurofighter's failure to make trials aircraft available to the Meteor partners. Spanish Air Force twin seater Eurofighter Typhoon from ALA-11 ba. [61], Eurojet is attempting to find funding to test thrust vectoring control (TVC) nozzles on a flight demonstrator. In MTT mode the system will scan a designated volume space looking for potential targets. [148][149][150], The Typhoon also carries a specially developed variant of the Mauser BK-27 27 mm cannon that was developed originally for the Panavia Tornado. [237] With the introduction of the block 5 standard, the R2 retrofit programme began to bring all Tranche 1 aircraft to that standard. The UK cut its orders from 250 to 232, Germany from 250 to 140, Italy from 165 to 121 and Spain from 100 to 87. The Eurofighter Typhoon is a highly agile aircraft, designed to be a supremely effective dogfighter in combat. The UK, Italy and Spain supported the Ferranti Defence Systems-led ECR-90, while Germany preferred the APG-65-based MSD2000 (a collaboration between Hughes, AEG and GEC-Marconi). ", "Eurofighter fleet passes 500,000 flying hours", "FARNBOROUGH: BAE wins 10-year Typhoon support deal", "UK to drive down Typhoon operating costs to match F-16", "Eurofighter Unveils Major Upgrade Package", "Budget pressures halt Eurofighter Tranche 3B talks, says Cassidian boss", "Middle East Customers Funding Eurofighter Upgrades", "Russian / PLA Low Band Surveillance Radar Systems (Counter Low Observable Technology Radars)", "Eurojet pushes thrust-vectoring technology for Typhoon. [26] The workshare split was therefore UK 37.42%, Germany 29.03%, Italy 19.52% and Spain 14.03%. More than 550 Typhoon jets have been sold to the UK, Italy, Spain, Germany, Austria, Oman and Saudi Arabia as of 2019. The Eurofighter Typhoon is unique in modern combat aircraft in that there are four separate assembly lines. Aircraft deliveries will begin in 2020. [179] On 1 September 2002, No. [13] In Turin on 2 August 1985, West Germany, the UK and Italy agreed to go ahead with the Eurofighter; and confirmed France, along with Spain, had chosen not to proceed as a member of the project. The AIS physically comprises two essentially separate units: the Attack Computer (AC) and the Navigation Computer (NC). 12 (B) Squadron would stand as a joint RAF/Qatari Air Force squadron, with the Qatari crew temporarily operating Typhoons to prepare them for their own Typhoon deliveries in 2022. [216] In December 2006, it was reported in The Guardian that Saudi Arabia had threatened to buy Rafales because of a UK Serious Fraud Office (SFO) investigation into the Al Yamamah defence deals which commenced in the 1980s. 3 (F) Squadron Typhoon F2s took over QRA responsibilities from the Panavia Tornado F3 on 29 June 2007, initially alternating with the Tornado F3 every month. [13] The ECA project collapsed in 1981 for several reasons, including differing requirements, Dassault's insistence on "design leadership" and the British preference for a new version of the RB199 to power the aircraft versus the French preference for the new Snecma M88. The consortium is keen to make use of the engine's growth potential to boost thrust by around 15% as well as improve fuel efficiency and range. Using the "war" setting, dry thrust increases by 15% to 69 kN per engine and afterburners by 5% to 95 kN per engine and for a few seconds, up to 102 kN thrust without damaging the engine. [178], The UK's first Typhoon Development Aircraft (DA-2) ZH588 made its maiden flight on 6 April 1994 from Warton. ", "Eurofighter Typhoon—Luftüberlegenheitsrolle", "There's No Way The F-35 Will Ever Match The Eurofighter In Aerial Combat", "EJ200 Engine Powers Eurofighter Typhoon in Four Major European Air Forces", "Eurojet pushes thrust-vectoring technology for Typhoon", "CSAF: Raptor, Eurofighter complementary. 1 (F) Squadron stood up at RAF Leuchars, joining No. Eurofighter GmbH and NETMA today signed the Quadriga contracts that will support the continued modernization of the German Air Force’s Eurofighter Typhoon fleet. ", "Marte-ER Integration On Typhoons Eyed For India. [111] R2P was applied to eight German Typhoons deployed on Red Flag Alaska in 2012. The Air Staff Target (AST) 403 specification in 1972 led to the P.96 conventional "tailed" design presented in the late 1970s. The Eurofighter Typhoon is a single-seat fighter plane under the Modern Military section. [229], The first Spanish production Eurofighter Tifón to fly was CE.16-01 (ST001) on 17 February 2003, flying from Getafe Air Base. The share of the production work was divided among the countries in proportion to their projected procurement – BAe (33%), DASA (33%), Aeritalia (21%), and Construcciones Aeronáuticas SA (CASA) (13%). L'Eurofighter Typhoon, il cui prototipo era designato EFA (European Fighter Aircraft), è un aeroplano militare multiruolo (Swing Role) di quarta generazione avanzata, bimotore, con ruolo primario di caccia intercettore e da superiorità aerea. [75], In November 2019 Airbus proposed a SEAD capability for the aircraft, a role which is currently performed by the Tornado ECR in German service. [10] Later production aircraft have been increasingly better equipped to undertake air-to-surface strike missions and to be compatible with an increasing number of different armaments and equipment, including Storm Shadow and Brimstone missiles. "3 European Countries Plan Jet Fighter Project. This page was last edited on 18 December 2020, at 15:48. [27] On 22 December 1997 the defence ministers of the four partner nations signed the contract for production of the Eurofighter. [11] West Germany continued to refine the TKF-90 concept. [206] This move also reflected the switch from two-seat trainer to single-seat pilot training and greater use of training simulators. The ACA was to be powered by a modified version of the RB199. MBB and Aeritalia signed up with the aim of producing two aircraft, one at Warton and one by MBB. [66] In 2015, BAE was awarded a £1.7 million contract to study the feasibility of a common weapon launcher that could be capable of carrying multiple weapons and weapon types on a single pylon. [112] The conversion to AESA will also give the Eurofighter a low probability of intercept radar with improved jam resistance. ", http://eurofighter.airpower.at/technik-daten.htm, "Bundesheer—Waffen und Gert—Eurofighter EF 2000", "Israeli Smart Bomb Closes In on Service Debut", "UK MoD funds further development of Spear 3 missile", "Kongsberg's JSM missile to be added to Eurofighter Typhoon weapons package", https://www.baesystems.com/en-be/download-en-be/20180730081352/1434615927425.pdf, "The Secret Behind A Good Fighter Weapons System", Typhoon FGR4 on the Royal Air Force website, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Eurofighter_Typhoon&oldid=994982672, Articles lacking reliable references from June 2016, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2019, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from April 2012, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2020, Articles to be expanded from January 2020, Articles lacking reliable references from July 2020, Aircraft specs templates using more performance parameter, Aircraft specs templates using afterburner without dry parameter, Articles with German-language sources (de), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Pro Eurofighter der Tranche 1 also 47,3 Mio. While canards generally have poor stealth characteristics from side because of corner to hull,[86] the flight control system is designed to maintain the elevon trim and canards at an angle at which they have the smallest RCS. ", Martin-Baker responds to Eurofighter seat reports, "Eurofighter jet crashes at Spanish base, killing pilot", "Lear Jet crashes after colliding mid-air with Typhoon combat plane over Germany", "Typhoon accident during arrival to CIAF", "Eurofighter pilot killed during air show crash in Italy", "Se estrella un avión Eurofighter en la base aérea de Albacete tras participar en el desfile del 12 de octubre", "Eurofighter Typhoon DA4 arrives at Duxford. Boeing's Troubled 737 MAX: Poised for a Comeback? An addition to this mode, STT Ident allows for visual identification of the target, the resolution being superior to CAPTOR's. ", "India and the Rafale, Anatomy of a Bad Deal. [222], On 22 October 2008, the first RSAF Typhoon made its maiden flight at Warton. [202], On 3 December 2015, six Typhoon FGR4s deployed to RAF Akrotiri to support operations against ISIL. [11] However, the simultaneous West German requirement for a new fighter had led by 1979 to the development of the TKF-90 concept. Chuter, Andy. The aircraft was known as Eurofighter EFA from the late 1980s until it was renamed EF 2000 in 1992. The FCS system is able to detect a developing low-speed situation and to raise an audible and visual low-speed cockpit warning. The P.96 design had little potential for growth, and when it entered production, it would se… [116], The first flight of a Eurofighter equipped with a "mass model" of the Captor-E occurred in late February 2014, with flight tests of the actual radar beginning in July of that year. [73], With the confirmed retirement date of March 2019 for RAF Tornado GR4s, in 2014 the UK commenced an upgrade programme that would eventually become the £425 million Project Centurion to ensure the Typhoon was able to assume the precision strike duties of the ageing Tornado. [143] Tranche 1 aircraft could drop laser-guided bombs in conjunction with third-party designators but the anticipated deployment of Typhoon to Afghanistan meant that the UK required self-contained bombing capabilities before the other partners. [104] The ESM-ECM and MWS consists of 16 AESA antenna array assemblies and 10 radomes. The Storm Shadow and KEPD 350 (Taurus) cruise missiles, together with the Meteor Beyond Visual Range Air-to-Air missile flight trials have been successfully completed by January 2016. FlightGlobal. [4] Realizó su primer vuelo el 27 de marzo de 1994, [5] entrando en servicio el 8 de abril de 2003 en Alemania. One major external difference was the replacement of the side-mounted engine intakes with a chin intake. XI (F) Squadron of the RAF, which stood up as a Typhoon squadron on 29 March 2007,[184] had taken delivery of its first two multi-role Typhoons.